VESSEL REVIEW | Yashima Maru – Cutting edge Japan-built tug for the Port of Tokyo

TUG & SALVAGE WEEK

Japanese marine services company Shibaura Tsusen Kaisha recently took delivery of Yashima Maru, a newbuild ASD harbour tug named in honour of Kagawa Prefecture’s historic capital city of Yashima (now known as Takamatsu).

The vessel is of all-steel construction and was designed and manufactured by long-time Osaka-based tug builder Daizo Corporation in compliance to Japanese Government (JG) survey rules.

The newbuild has an LOA of 33.4 metres, a beam of 9.6 metres, a depth of four metres, a maximum draught of 3.1 metres, and a displacement of approximately 497 tonnes at full load. Crew berths are available in the form of seven one-person cabins on the bridge, upper, and bottom decks.

There are also two additional accommodation spaces that are nearly similar in layout to the crew cabins. One of these is situated near the cabins of the captain and the chief engineer on the bridge deck while the other is adjacent to the galley and a solitary crew cabin on the upper deck. These two additional berths could accommodate a total of 10 people.

Yashima Maru’s main propulsion consists of twin Yanmar 6EY26W engines each rated at 1,471 kW while backup propulsion is provided by two 6CHL-HTN 80kW auxiliary engines which were also supplied by Yanmar. The engines are connected to a pair of Kawasaki Heavy Industries KST-180ZF 2.2-metre azimuthing thrusters, and this configuration gives the tug a maximum speed of 14.2 knots, a range of 75 nautical miles at a cruising speed of 13.3 knots, and a bollard pull of 55 tonnes.

Furthermore, both Daizo and Kawasaki claim that the thrusters will enable the tug to operate with about seven per cent less energy consumed and a noise level of as much as 10 decibels lower compared to most other vessels of similar size and performance.

The majority of the tug’s electronics – including the radar, sonar, radios, compass, GPS, and AIS – were provided by Furuno, and two 100kVa generator sets supply power for the electronics. However, as an alternative measure aimed at helping reduce emissions, the electronics may also draw power from onboard batteries that can be charged at dedicated shore facilities in-between sailings. In the case of Yashima Maru, the batteries consist of one 4V 200Ah and two 12V 76Ah direct current units, all of which were provided by local manufacturer GS Yuasa.

Yashima Maru has already begun operating under Shibaura Tsusen, providing towing and ship escort assistance to vessels that ply the ever-busy waters of the Port of Tokyo.

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Yashima Maru
SPECIFICATIONS
Type of vessel: Harbour tug
Classification: Japanese Government
Port of registry: Tokyo
Flag: Japan
Owner: Daito Corporation/Shibaura Tsusen Kaisha, Japan
Designer: Daizo Corporation, Japan
CAD software: Auto CAD
Builder: Daizo Corporation, Japan
Construction material: Mild steel
Length overall: 33.40 metres
Length waterline: 32.40 metres
Length bp: 29.00 metres
Beam: 9.60 metres
Draught: 3.10metres
Depth: 4.00 metres
Displacement: 497.42 tonnes
Gross tonnage: 197 tonnes (Japan domestic)
Main engines: 2 x Yanmar 6EY26W, each 1,471 kW (2,000 hp) @ 750 rpm
Propulsion: 2 x Kawasaki KST-180ZF/E
Auxiliary engines: 2 x Yanmar 6CHL-HTN, each 80 kW @ 1,800 rpm
Generators: 2 x 100kVA AC225V, 60Hz, 1,800 rpm
Maximum speed: 14.2 knots (110%)
Cruising speed: 13.3 knots (85%)
Range: 72 nm
Bollard pull: 55.0 tonnes
Batteries: SS-200 (6 x 4VDC, 200AH);

2 x HJ-D31R (2 x 12VDC, 76AH)

Hydraulic equipment: Hydraulic pump, 30kW, AC220V, 60Hz, 6P; 400-litre oil tank
Radar: Furuno FAR-1416
Depth sounder: Furuno GP-3700F colour GPS plotter/sounder
Radio/s: 2 x Furuno FM-8900S marine VHF radiotelephone
Sonar: Furuno CI-88 doppler sonar current indicator
Compass/es: Furuno SC-70 satellite compass
GPS: Furuno GP-3700F colour GPS plotter/sounder
AIS: Furuno FA-50
Winches 22.4/9.8kN x 45/90m/min
Capstan/windlass: 29/13.7kN x 14/39m/min
Other deck equipment: Rope carrier, 0.5t x 80m/min
Paints/coatings: Zinc-rich primer
Type of fuel: A-type heavy oil
Fuel capacity: 60.80 m3
Fuel consumption: 194g/kWh +5%
Freshwater capacity: 26.00 m3
Crew: 7
Passengers: 10 (under 1.5 hours)

Nelson E. Dela Cruz

A writer by profession, Nelson began contributing to Baird Maritime by way of articles detailing his initial exposure to the global maritime industry, particularly his participation in China Maritime 2012 held in Hong Kong and Asian Work Boat 2013 held in Singapore. He has been contributing his work regularly to the site since then with emphasis on the Philippine maritime sector and other related developments. Nelson is also a part-time volunteer with the Maritime League, a non-profit organisation which aims to increase public awareness of the significant contributions made by the Philippine maritime sector in nation-building.