India’s first nuclear ballistic-missile submarine, INS Arihant, completed its first deterrence patrol last week, marking India’s acquisition of land-, air- and sea-based nuclear weapons.
The submarine can be armed with long- and short-range nuclear ballistic missiles.
Some experts argue, however, that New Delhi is still some time away from establishing a credible deterrence option at sea and a true nuclear "triad".
- Sea trials underway for India’s first missile-tracking ship
- Russia to lease third nuclear submarine to India
- Hindustan Shipyard to build tug quartet for Indian Navy
- FEATURE | India’s submarine rivalry with China in the second nuclear age
- Indian defence ministry approves procurement of six AIP submarines