FEATURE | No smooth sailing for China’s aircraft carrier programme

China’s first aircraft carrier, the Ukrainian-built Liaoning, was commissioned into the PLA Navy in 2012, after the Chinese had carried extensive refurbishment and modernisation work, and China reportedly plans to establish a force of at least four large aircraft carriers. Liaoning’s Chinese-built near sister ship, currently dubbed the Type 001A, has already undergone sea trials, and might be commissioned as early as April 2019. It will probably be named Shandong.

FEATURE | India’s submarine rivalry with China in the second nuclear age

There are substantially fewer nuclear weapons today than at the height of the Cold War. Yet the overall risks of nuclear war – by design, accident, rogue launch or system error – have grown in the second nuclear age. That’s because more countries with fragile command-and-control systems possess these deadly weapons. Terrorists want them, and they are vulnerable to human error, system malfunction and cyberattack.

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